Reading in the target language can be divided into three phases: pre-reading, reading, and post-reading. Each of theses phases is important to contributing to student comprehension and literacy in the target language. Below is a list of reading stratgies which I have collected and written about on my blog (if there is not a link, it means that I plan to write about it).
Why is reading important to language acquisition? According to Krashen:
I always say that reading is where the magic happens in language acquisition!“Our reading ability, our ability to write in an acceptable writing style, our spelling ability, vocabulary knowledge, and our ability to handle complex syntax is the result of reading.”
As Carol Gaab states, "The brain CRAVES novelty," so for one story, I may do 2-3 different activities for prereading, while I may do 5-6 different post-reading activties. For the next story, I will do completely different set of prereading and postreading activities in order to preserve novelty.
- TPRS/Ask a Story
- running dictatio
Reading (the actual act of reading a story for the first time)
Post Reading (anything used as a consolidation of the actual reading for review/reps)
- Find the sentence relay
- embedded writing